Baby boomers are finding it difficult to retire, while many millennials prefer working flexible hours. As these generations compete for work, they are presented with very different opportunities.



New York is creating jobs at a faster pace than the rest of the country, but even here these job opportunities come with caveats. Research by the AARP, a non-profit lobbying for the elderly, found that “nearly 2 out of 3 workers over 45 have seen or experienced age discrimination.” Despite laws prohibiting age related discrimination many find that proving it is challenging. Tesoro recalled not being considered for a job because she is middle-aged. She did not file a formal complaint.

The opportunities that baby boomers and millennials have today is a result of the demand and supply factors, said Yaw Nyarko, professor of economics at New York University. “On the supply of jobs side, casual observation suggests that today in comparison to the past there are more gig like jobs around relative to the old-fashioned permanent or 9 to 5 jobs.”

However, Nyarko pointed out that on the demand side for those jobs, millennials have a higher tolerance for or even a desire for much more flexibility in their jobs than in past years. Like Gingery, who is able to turn down gigs and lives a comfortable life in New York by working as a babysitter

Important changes concerning age discrimination law


The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of 1967 was passed by the U.S. Congress and prohibits employment discrimination.


The Age Discrimination Act of 1975 prohibits discrimination on the basis of age in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance.


A clause was added to the ADEA that prevented the forced retirement of tenured employees.
The Older Workers Benefit Protection Act amended the ADEA, prohibiting employers from denying benefits to older employees.


Earlier this year, the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago limited the scope of the The Age Discrimination Act by stating that the “key provisions (of the law) only apply to those who already have jobs and not individuals who are looking for jobs.”